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. ^ ^ 4 -A W ' t SytUJI i ijJ-l Wall t pI^I aJUl friyil jU ^y 

Uwaidah M. AL-Juhany, The History of Najd prior to the wahhabis: A study of social, (V) 
political and religious conditions in Najd during three centuries preceduing the wahhabi 
Reform movement 

. Y "^ Y ^^ i p \ ^ A V b (U^M." i •jn' '^^j 4jujb»- 4 Ijj,^^ — P el jjlS^i ^L^j 

. ^ Y V jj^ 4. JLii*-II ii^ 4 i A : 43 jj 4 JbJll ii^ ( ) 
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(j^j-^ 'j^-^'j ^ ^rr« (*^^ ^?^^^ Sjl^l J^ (^ Vj^ tj-*t^„ (t^ 
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t^ji^l^j^ C-L;^-. ^1 AjOj^I J^Sjt^Jl cjLi^ Jjj . Sj^^^l 

^ULl) Jii^^^l ^ ^LiJI^ ^b}\ :;u^l: ji; ^*_il^| 3^1 



Al-Juhany, p.267 (O 
Ibid, P.262-263, 268. (Y) 



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ti»^t ^^ c^l^' j^l J\ j^LJI j^l y 5^1 J-iU. Of 

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^ j^ji ji^ t ^ ^ -Oil jj^ ^ jUiPj . r\'\-r-\\ ^ L i^i ^^1^1 ^j>ls\ Ji^ (y) 

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UjjPj ^ijdJI olai JsLiJ *^ w ^i-P- Al-juhany, p.130-155 : j^\ (\) 

. Ibid, p.275-280 : j^\ (Y) 



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t Ojji Si--- J'i^ -i^ frUi* t pL-*-JIj . Y \ ^-Y ^ ^ ^ i. 4-*ii jjL^i t lj-«jp 

.riY-m;; Yit y^ ^ ^i^ 

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^y t^y c Jjf- ^J Ja-.^ ^jj: tfA-xi rt-ijJl jIjlJL j-0 U^j ^^t 

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Oii t Ai^UI ^> ^ ^^! sjlJL ^^"j ^\ dUiS' , (.Ulj Jl^i 
l^ J^Uj s^U 5-;jU ts^^ SJLiJI dJUL- Jl*^ ^ 4 Jl^^I JJL-aJI 

^^iU-1 ^i«j*^) J*>L^ ^j:^j <^^\ cy" y^^ o^^ y^ ^ 



V«ij^l olj^l 4_^Uj 4 |» : p ^iii tj ^jUJIj ji-U- ^y J-5lj JJ j^l 0^^( 

. Al-juhany, p. 134- 143 : Jai\ -^Us^^X^-a l^ 'j^*^^ i«^' 



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sjdJi jLp o>j^i i^tA^ jU^,..,uii cJjLj t^^ ^ M --i^\ \ro 

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j^l J*^ L^ Jbi .-UIp ^y /I * J\j>- oj\^ Jl^\ pUJLp 
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^-iJI oJLJL- c ftj^iil ci^Lt^l JJui J^ 4jfUj -Ujj . a nr ^ 

t^j-^lfl j^ c^U^I JLjP ^;^ 4131 JL-^ ^t:-*£Jl ^'>.w.<tjl SJJL Jj j-^U 
JU^ji jl5 4131 JLP^^l jb'j . *nil/_AVol ^U^^l 

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4-^»JLp 4jI^ jL-qJLm 9W.^SJt 1j^ J^J . «^j..JLa ^ c^UjJIJL-^ 

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p ^ A M /_* ^ T n j»u ^^y^i jjj^ ^^ ju^^a ^^ 4JD1 jlp ^ ju>t» 

sjJL Ja! Ul? ; iJji! j! jjyj . ^L^'VI ^ jj^ ^ ju^^ ^^1 
^^J J^ ^ Utf-li ^ LjJ--j LUI j^ ^ s^^^l ^j j^;J\ 

c-i^l Ja! yJU j! /JUL ^ jJLlj . <^^« ^ vvr /_* ^ uv «u 

t (^^i'^Lil j-^ j^LiJlj jJ^ ^Uil) S^^>^ jj^ ^lillj j.^ 



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j_^ldl, ^ oJL-?"1j ijh^l yUi_p Oyl^' tl-->" t tls^^PtJLa Lil5L. 

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4-^^^ I J i;.Lk^lj CjcJ^S^ sUuaJI j^ U^V^ ^-^ c5^^ o'^J 



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iUUip j^JU ^jt aUN (O 

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jj^\ jj^ j^uJl j>JI J^ a*i ^^ £ jUJl ^UT 

J!>\^ iakii ^:jLg_^ ^1 i^ij 4-ji^i oi^^l «^ f,^-. ij 

lM ^ l/ S:r^:J^" o^J*-^' ^i-^ '-V-— - 1 ^ ^V ^ J5U ^^ 
. (^ti>il tSjUJl J^^ t Aikll j^ p-U^jVl p^^ i-^-w-j 

: I41* u^L^I SOP Jl J^ (^ V"-j^' j^Uill 






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w-jyJI S^^ OjJ^ ui*^W*J' s-UisUl JU-ftlj i ti^y^J'j f ^1 
JUpIj L^MjIj-I Jr^-^J ^ Jj^' ^^" y^J ^'J^l i>ii-J^ 

Jia i^^^^t P,^^^ *-g^UiAl f-JLpj Jadd 4^1 j_yU nJ^jSjij 



Al-juhany, p. 8. (Note on the Sources) : U^l j^h • Y Y - \ ^ ^j^ 4 i-ls^l 



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J;jjJL>bJI uy-j3^1 oUjJU) ^ <up J^j ^1 oljL^I bJJ cJUtf J 

j-a aJL-iu frL?" J.0 <UP Uglftj j^l *jLi^l^ oL»^^i*il ilij fi\ M,. ill 



. ^AA-^A*; |_^ t Asi frUJLp 4 /»UJI : ^^Ai^j^y^i (y) 
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(a\ AliO /_ft\ YAY o) j-*-w*JI j^i/z\(t ^^ 3ijJ<^' *V-^ J/J oUJLp 
^_^liJI Oj-231 j!^ Ij-tU j^jJdl JLii Jjt! thJj^ j^ ^^-^ C^ ^*^' 

/u I l^_>fca T^j^J <• jj^M JL.«.>-1 ^Jjuj L A..Jt^j /o I l^_>fca y^JjUj 



L (:^ w ^r /^ u Y o) j^i j^*-o ^ x^\ ^Lj- *j t (^^ V i d /^ n oA 

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j^dl ^.jU J-_S^ ^ >i>l jH,>!l v j^ Jl U^ 

jj-a JaJU- 5jJ-j Oil^l dUb ^U? US' . (»Llax;*^l (»apj ^^^-^Ij 

U -Utfj JLa9 t iJUb Ji" j^ (^^^ i>^ • ^-^*^' f^^^"^' (>* *j:j^ t>« 



. TV - Y i ^_^ t j^l JU^f ^j^l ^jL- (r) 



A^^tjU ^ ja:j c^j l^u-o o^ jd\ ju) ^j^ 4.iJbj (t^^'iUi 

0^1 J^A^ J^ i^j^j frUJLp j^ jj_dill x*^l ?*-»*£JI j-^\^ 

oiJl . tj-^^ SJLJLj p-U^ iJj^J ^ ^^— ^J -^ o^L-fti jjI ^.'^-.-■- 

«^i sLij 4i|ijb ^ j_ri c 4^„jLjJI oU^i ^ Lilys' 4_*^j jjI 



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c jjJl-Mi '^jj ^ >-.. ^,^fi ^ 4iJl JLp ^i— mi jJj JLij , LJ) J ,,(7') 
aLp (_^lj-^i i ^jUJlj jJ u ^S \ frLJpj L^LJp ^^ c^j-^i 

aI pj p ^ ■; i ^ /-jb ^ * i ^ p| p ijy i « c— * 9^ kjji\j ^ 

soL Jl iU j»J . I-.lj^ (>>b »^' Jl (>j (^* ^ Wtj* fJ^'i 

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iiJLJi 4.l4i ^^^ 4 (^^i^iUI ^ ^Uli) i^^^l j^ J\i^\ dj^\ ^ 

J 5jL_.>Ji oOJL Jl (^^ 4 .1 ^^1 Jl C;^ J.) Jl^\ 0^1 



t S-a— ^UJI jti t (^jy i-JUi J^Lp- jl^ p-UJU t f L--JI ^ywp-^JI -i-^ ^>* 4JLJI -L-p (f) 

• ojy ^1^ J'5^ -x^ p-UI* t pLJI : li^ 
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J^\ 0^1 J^ j^^l ^f-ST ^_^1 v^j^t oUijjdl iJ^" 
j^ \^\y^ ^ I^Lj «-*^ i«U cjU^ ((^i^l j-^ j^li31) (^>^t j^ 






J^ *0j^\ ^L-f" (J* 3_^.HdJI (^i ^^V^ J,^ ^J t «ji^ Oj^, (J* Jjj-* (>^ JUj« 
Ail.Cn /O y^ ^\ jS'ij . ^1 Ui. ^ ^^ aJU ^^-j> *^LJ-tj ^1>ll 

/_ftA Y i "^ pIp ^jL^ jjI j^jj JLij . Ai^_jLi jJ Igia iUjL*.! (^ ^ A • f /_* H ^ A) 
td^i^LJpj. V U - V ' V ^ t iLy I ^_.i._Jl ^ -Lju^y jJiil . p 1 An 

; . ^A^ ^ t Yr^4 jj^ 4JUj J^ Jbi f-UJU t pLJI .:to ^ t j_^«jp j^J (Y) 



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^jp^\ ^ j\^\ o>il >j> fj>^\ ^^ ,jJiJ^'^ J^\jS\ 

JU^j^ t l^-^Uadil ^1 jUa^^l J^^ : Ji-« V^^' jAI^I JU^^ 

^l^^l^ c ^Ul v^^' cri' ^^"^^i ^l^'^b ^J ^'J 

^ S>i j^ dUi ^ j^>i t oLJIi 0'^' v^wa; ^^1 ^\i% 

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c i^ ji '. " ^ ^ji J.*^«.« : y^ ' ^ '. " ^ ^\ iv.M'l pi ...Jl ^^H*iJI jS'i jU) 

(*^ t>^ C^'j t>! ^^'*^' tin cf^ t>! ''-^Ji ^J^ * ^-^^ J' 0-* ^b 
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. ^^^4j;wjb j^ ;:i,^ ^ LoJie ((.\ A^e /-jfcUATo) 



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L 4^j-mJI AaJiUL j»-j<>.tJ1 4..«^>b0 ij-mJj La^^_^| 4^L,^ia_ll u-UtgUH ^ I^JLp iJj'J 

■ ^ ^^-^ ^"C ^y><^ ir*- ojj V^* "j^ -^ '^^-^^ ' CW' t^ ^^^■'*^y ^^t 
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^^2^1 ^ i^^u^lj p-L-ttJuul ^^ 'uJU ^«mmJ1 ^^ i_^u_^ ij-^^ '"•^''^ji Cji ■^^"^■^'^ 
eJlA fc^j ^ o-L-*ipl JLij . Oii>':«-4il j«S^-p ^t^(j j«L^ ctJlill Oy^^l J^i^ 

jbt; i^U jljfij JaiU-l JU^ta : (JjS^ t cij*^' Oi-*^' JUi" JLg^ t (Jr^ (ji JU^l 

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. JUI j>)l ^ JjVl g^l J^ Jjij . jy>^l ^ JUI 0^1 

(. yd^-.,.'t ajjUL) »UJLp ^h^AJ ;_jlp ^j^j-^ -^ *—A - 'jj ^jj - I — ft j^ t^ jl -U jf J 
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^JLp Jjb Lg^" . *— i— 'jj ,jjl j-sAP ^1 j—iUJI Oj-all JLa SjlLJI sJla 



. ^^ t ^*^ 4 Or t jjy A-iUJ J^ -Lf ^UJLp <. pLJI (O 
oI^LoaJL idJU_dl (3'jJ *b ij^^^' (>" **,^*^=>« j^ • j^-r*"^ plj-^' *-ilijl jljj-s ( O 

^Ujt JU iJLf ^l Jy ^^jJI i (p ^ '^r A /^ \ r oV o) j_-U J. 4111 J—P j^^l 

. t»iJbJI 4-i>- dJLljj i jA^A^^ clj^t 

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; Sj^ 0^1 < r' ' *o ., <H7 c-i*-jj j^ J-g^a T'j^ *-) ^*«^j Ap j ^S'Jiil 
4JJI: J^ OJv^^* 0^' W^ .tg ."J t '-JLjp ^i V^^^' *— ^ ^J 
J4: S^ ^>! oljU ^ jl^.oJI J*::Jil US' . '''^U.j ^^^^j 

■/, ^IjJ^I OIjLSaJI ii!>Lalj ^ji^^i ^~^Ji iji -U:>fca pUJo&I ^^ 

US', . ^^:^jA«i! ^y pij-^l ciLij! ^^ ^Jls'^i ui--jj j;^ i-iLp ^^ 



j^ ^ h^j\^ IfjSii lLUJLi c--^ — - Jjj t Jx-^l^ ^>^tj 4JU*iJI : JjIjjJI 

• '-^Ji C/^ "-ii^l fl^,*-UJ ii%.l l^j 

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. cilij'il dJUb JjUj (_$^^^ (_$iJl jX3aJl ^2;W» ^jj (_$jUI 

Cj^ ^^" ' cT*^:-^ c^'^ J^ c;^*-^ f^ J;^' j^ ^ o'^ ■ W-t** crrr^ 
frl^ Jl %j\ 'J^\ C-^JL-a: JLdj . ^^^ 5^,aj AlLij JJ jij^^\ 



. \ Y 1 43 j^ i j*r--^ f Ij-"^' t-iUjl jl^j ( \ ) 
. UT; ^At WViM tV*\iVAtVo trAioUj^i-t-ijJL^I (Y) 

J-,tf I j1 ^*— — Jl ^ ji^i Jjj t UjL-i lg-J| jLtll c-i-<^ /^ JU:>tfl i«— :>-y Sjj-** (V) 







: ^ J h^n tU 4^^^l -r 

dUU i-*jb! Jl 4_dU^)ll c U^jj ^^Jl\ *.UJL*Ji dkljl ciey^jJI 

^ju-*^ Ul 4JUl X-P (jj tlr**^ Oi^**r^' KJj^ ^^ypj t J 2^.M oJlL JbJ 
/_A \ \ * V aIp jUfl_aj j^ ^-^i-^y **--*r^J j-tr^aill JU^I ^ JL-*J^J 

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^1 jj,^a:j) ^ jUip ^^1 ii«^ jfi jU-LJI ^1 jLp ^^I l^ 



t OR 7718 pi^ ij3Lk.^l .-dP^I ^ 4^j.M^ ^ J. jUi_J "-U ^J^ ^ -b*ll 

. ro c T ^jj t JL:^! iiii t ^LJI (T) 

. ^M-^*v^iiU^l^_^L"c j^i (r) 

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. ?^jllJI <iiLJi 4*.*Jbl (jJUj c 4^jIj 



f', -^V^g ;*^ aJL-^I 4-j>tw ^2;P Oj^ 



/_A ^ Y AY (*Lp (^^I <• ji^^^-^ i_^^ ^ ^^o^j^- '^ iil (^j-^U! j ^vt' . ^ 



(^i-jUl _iP -^liJI) j;^l ^ip Jb3l j^l J^Ai- I^U ^:;iJLll 



Aj*iJ1j *^^1 j^j^U Oi^aJ-' >:>*^* -^ ^T^h j-rt-^ ^-^^ J^ (j^j* ^ H"-^^' 
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Ol^^ fc_JLp! C-Ja?- JJJJL5' . fjjpy^\ j^ (^^1 Oj^l ^ t>!J-^' 
di:>l^p^ ^^^1 ^.J^ jliJl 0^1 ^ ^liJI ^^Ij ^UJI ^Jl 

SjUL ^\J^^3 t ^rV-^ *^ cT^ ^J^^ t j^li jTj^U ^^^ 4JJI JLp 



. YflV-Y i ^ t '\r^t jjy SJLJ J^ Ji^ f^Uip : ^y 4i«jj-y 



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^^ia^ Ji' i oLJKJl ^JLp T-J^J^ • ia^ ^Ja^l 4a^ ^'^^ 4M^1 
^>t-J Ja^ d^,T5' JlJj . 4.*Jo flj_-lP tr-*^J A.*Jo fij.*S;p t<^^ u>; ^ 

t 4jU»e-^,^ 4JL3 Jw«^l" * ajL_iU 41.W.M-JI JLa> 4j>r,._.M._*,)l aJlA |JL> 
^j" ! Ajwy iffi^J ' "4jL»_«.^j uy*^j'j jtw 4i«^ — 4JLJI 'W^-j — 

Ji' ^y CJji ^^l 4j->L-..^l oUjJUilj ^il^l ^y l^jca Ji^ US' 






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^\^j% ^I>-J1 ^L^ 2:--b3l JU-i (^) 4>«^1 ^^ ^Vl .1±J1 

^ Oejj "^,^^1"^, o^:;^j U^j ur/^> "^ ^" oUJL- J^^^l 
/'^:( I ) ijicJl ^ i^ pj U (^) l^^^\ ^:dUi JL^!j "S>-:lp 



^^ vuit uroc ^UAc u V t n*^t ^ * u : ^i_,_^1 ^^i^^^^ ^i (^) 
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^jjiju c-^ t.!.^ cjUJL^I^ S'Low-'bll (j^ 4j c^ (jiil (^%>)ll 

^ 7e^^\ CjtC* '*r ...ill j^JL^J ji ■ T p| IjJL-^ *^J t ^jU_?«— «jJl ^ 

^jj c u^ o^j. jT1j!Ujj" : 4JUI SjUii ^\VYr /jb\ \ro 



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(J/Jbj-^ 4..«^ fj->\j (ji*-^ i*jt^ f* :,^^ji ^"'i*^ *^^ ^'^-^^ i*^ ^ I— jJllI 
tju fl^poJl J^j—^Uj ^ (i^) kJ^^\ ^ U ^^^Lp ailjj t^>>'t ^^k^l 

ij J JL-dd (*^) ^^ Lai . "S^^iaP ^2ri -J-^t^^p-l.^^-iJl ^^ 4jL*jt-«Jj 

t>^ L5=^ tl;^ -*-*^lt>t-^l c-jI^ g^l j^^"" : yUl SjLaJIj cIj-J-I 

ij^ L*5 . "<LiUj*-mJj Oi*^j'j (^t«J Ai.*^ — 4JLJI <Us>-j ~ i<™^^ *,^^*^ 

Jbj-;..u^^;:^ldLi;^yj" : IJ15Ca ( ! ) i^.-^l^^^^'^^n 

j^. ..iraal) JUn^c-a rji JU^Pe_a^ J;\.M*^ L) iV"*-^ j».^*«.o <a^J^ (*-Aj— w^l>-J 

(105*) ^r-lJilj JaV ^r^^l JL^^^ jj J-<»j-t *t-jAAJl g^i ^1j 



j^-'fcJI *^ ^ J»v3ii)U If^jld^j L^t^luj 4 La^j c^bU^I »Jla oUI *J ( \ ) 

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^^j^\ jbj j^ JL*— J^ k^\ dUU (^jsj" : \J^ (y) 4-j;.^-jJI 

jUi-aj ^ OiJ-^-^-? ^'^) l5-^-^S f Ji .r-^^1 ^)^J -^ J^ 

JU;>«-.4 j^ JU^l 4^ Sali ^^.^iJI ^<^1j (li-S*) ii g^;jj jt^s^l JL.4^7«^ 
• ''^^JJJ lj-Ua:»-j Ij^lj jUa«j (^^3 ^^Jai3L» ^^V*** J^^ JT^' 

J^*Sfl g^lj ^^>>.^1 jJj^ t^iULl ^^1 ct^il^ jU^! ^ JS Ajj 
2LjLi oLJL^ uL;.j?-1^ oIjL^^ oUJLS'^ ui^t iiL^L (c-j) 

. (i«j) 4:it*jJl l^ cJU- (^^rtfcgJl j-i»^ (^^' 0^' j-* (j-**^'^ 



Jb^lj JjuJI ii\ji^" '. el—*— » ?*iJ^' iV l^^ I— aJU lijjLJLj 4jUp 4J j^^^j <• ji-^~^ 
c--^ ^LJI Jl a^^*^ >T^y J-aill . Up^a^;- Jl>. V "JLjij jUJ-l jLi-t ^y 

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J^ PJ>>tit ^^k-JI J-«^^l JLp ?^-vSJI irit-J ^' Cw^l US' . \jji} j] 

jbj^^ ja^njij ^y jlSj ^^'"^^l plj^l olSjl jl^^i" ilj^^k^ 



= LL^^Ij oLjjJdb oU_;Ul J-J^j v^ ^'^^ OLi" i. iJL^^ s^ /^ ^ t 



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(.Ij^aJI ol3j!" _. cJ>^ Ujj ^ nv ^ Jfi\ ii,^^| 0^" 

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oOA jI^J t 4ij^l JjU^I J-0 43 jJ 6jJ:£^ n^ ^J| CuL^! 43 jj 

^JJ^ l^jPrr Jj ^^^ ' " A^'^ f'j-^' ^^"j^ O^J^y ■ ^:i-^l 

4 oLp ^^ jL*JL-^ ^2rt 4JUI jlp JLjJ ^jJi IJU" : SjL-p 4JUI 

j,^^_^ Ak^j . ^iUl l^_JU ^_,.i>« ^1 jsU^^I jJU*«;j t jA^] JaV wilSj^lj = 

olj^Lji Ak;;« ^ Ojj . Jill 4i t-^j-,A[j SU^Ij «^Liil 4JU J_*iA; jj^ >.-^j 
J^l ^\j^^\ ^\ij] Jj, U^^\ ^U ^\ ^1 Jy Oij . ^^l ^|_5.^| 

i^_i* iiU- cr^^^^r^l^\ rev ^u ajLjj ^y;;^ i^. jij^^i ^ ^ '^ * a /^ ^ r y ^ 
. l^il^P c,.^^ ^^1 IAa ^ 4;;^ js: Jl u iJU->l ojSC^j 

JAi ijlilt ^^ii^-JI Ut . iL^Udl ..j^H^tj ^- . ,^ -LI A^Jt iS'ji .^U' O^t 

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C ">^l (»1j-^l i-SUj!" j/'ill A^^C^I AjlJb:^ ^^jUl ^^ 

L-iL p1j-^I olij! jt^->" ^^' i>t-wjJI j^ j-^^l <-a.,^'il j_^ 

iSU ^j ( ^ ^ V- ^ * ^ i^ju^ ^) x>jufi Zjj^ <l>^ l^ Jjlsjj 



t ij?ti<jJI oJlA ^y 4Jjl J^ 



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jj_ddl jji ; ia2J oU^j-j?- ^^" t-i — x jj JjI jj.i Oi>*-^ • ^^J 

j! oaU ^ slj^l dbJj! ^u-w U j! <. \^^ ^lJ_;^^l J l^jU 

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cJUii>- j_jJI kiJilj-J-l ^ <J ^^ U *■;■»- -> ■ iw. J5' c-^ jji ^•^'•r*' 

oLpLJ^I ^j^ Sj-j^j t 4_^y^lj (^jl^l^ (-jJLjLI^ i,,.,^ 4-1 

r^^ j^liJl) ;^^r^' .^^ (>^' 0^1 J'^^ c>*iJ^' tJdJ^^' 
j-,ap J*^ jJ- ^ ^/^jbJl 4>iJ-J^l oUw* /»Jb! j^ IJLaj t (ij^*^\ 

- vr- 



. "^^1 ^> ( n * V) aiji dUL- jy 

jl\ C-jl^l C-iyb UiM\j aSUI Oaj ^2;.^^.t-Pj o^ :Llmi j_^j" 
jl JCAiS* j^ L-L-1 0,^ (_5^1 <• l^ti-lj l-^^ll oljUJl eJL^i 

4 j^^l J.*-;^! ^^1 ^jl:J 4L-.lji ^ ^^1: j^^jjl 4JI Jus^y 

^ :^U1) ^j,^\ ^^ j\^\ 0^1 JaI;^ >1 c^J- ^j 
^Uu: 4;^li 4:;y^_J jji U oji j^l ^^1 J^j . . . lg_A^ j! 



. r t 4 1 T ^^ i j_^1 JUj^I ^*ij| «^jL* L ^^laj^l (Y) 



- Vl - 



c (tj:''>Ui j^ ^yLiJl) tj>>^l y^ ^yli3l j^l ^y-j^ j^ a^ 

• ^JJ iJVj^ "^ («*^' fi^^^JjLJl flJ^J 4J^j>- (jyujl^ j*"*^ (Jj*** OJ^ 
4_A^ • IV t _A WY : f»lyi^ 4 iaia oLJ^ «-^*^JLp> jjJb JLi 

t_A^*Al t_AWv c_ft^*v^ t_AVoAc_A^•oY 4_A^• lA 



_ Vo - 



^lfi> Ja>-^j . Oj_XaJI sJL^ i-J^p- (jv^j LmiU-^ '"^ ' "^ ^v' JJ^ 
(^1 ^jt (JjUJI lJjaIIj AjjLld Ig fftbj AUa:Jl SiljJ j^aII IjLa oLJ^ 
([ji-aJU blJLL-fll — ;2;CjI j1 1jL>-Ij I^;-*^ C..o -z^* oLJj^I eJlA jJ^aw 

.^Vwr-_AUiA 



. Ar-^J^^ &1^1j j-^^"''' »^ '^■^t^ (J^ ^ j-^ W (jiJ*^^ i^^^ *^1 J^ 
A^ /^^^-^lidl i^lxijl *— Jj-Sl t iL^P jVj 4-^L^J Ajj-^Ljco «jjIj^ 



- vn 



Lg»1j_5 ^Ua^^^ij c^*-jj ^^J J <|i^ P j^ Jl^ j^ (_^^1 ^W*" ^^^ 
jUj-j>- ia:»«Sj t -A ^ * VI pU pI^JU^ Ja:>«Jj t -A \ * i V pU jli% 

pLp pUgJi ^jj t _ft^ ^^l pLp t_^;»^^ Ja^^—Sj t _A^ ♦a© pL^ 
^U?" _ft ^ MA pU ^j t ^b ^ ^ r ^ (.u ^^^^ u^-*^jj c ^ ^ * v v 

l/ y's^ (>^' ^/"^'j ^jl^lj i^j^f y*'^' Jl-/ ^ ^....'^ ^-A-ji t>j' 
(f-U^O (•-*^(j t -ft ^ ^ • V pLp , j ^.^-.tJi cij — s'j ^,-*iJi oj— ^j 



- vv- 



OjjJ-l fij-LS* ^j-*j"j . XJ- ^ Ugjj J^?- Sj-LS* c^.- — > ^ <-A--^ 
^_^tJI ^j ^j^i ^-ij t L^Lij ^^1 ^^ ^ia-^J SJULi io^^So- 

. ^>'S!I j5Uil ^ \^\^ J.U- ol^i ^>*i JLp oIjLI 



- YA 



^_^ L^IjLp i^r^J «. i^r^ (_^ i g 'i r^iri ^_^^i J5V-431 oIjLp 

o^aJI J^'V (^^1 oUsLlj J.*-a! ^^^ jjj 0^ ^1 CuiLj 
j-*-^ c-i-X^ t (H^jJI o'-^ o'^'? j-^5— ^^ '^^ '■^*-^ 4-_?-^^^1 






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dDJU lJL>t^ UujIj ^jL" J*> j^ 4Jl ^_^j;;^ t ^^t SoL l^U-j 
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(. U^^I^A>- /^J^ /r^ jUmLo j^-L-^ A^Mid^lj ji>X^ ''^tr^i L^^ ^^ 
(, Jap /*j i_<j^ iV ^■^'*^"l • (Ji^***^l 2Uj {S3^ ^^^^ (V ^*^ {t^ 

U i *— A*^^ ij^ pUiaI JL_^ ?rj^ c-wjij ^^1 <^il^^l Ci. flJT f^ 
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- A. - 



iiJJiJ ^^^H^ j i ; .i^ (U I JU^.^) ^;y^i bbjJU^I ^1 C Oj^-ti.l I jU^Ldj i 

^•^As^j . V^Jr' ^j^ ^j*^ iji'^^ fJ^ j*sAiSj Jb t *— 'j^;^'j oIpIuJI 
*• c5>^' ^-*-^ 0*^ l/ '^j^"j ^^ '^>^ Je-^* ji ' ^ '^>^j 






- A^ - 



J^j-^\j^j~^j t -*^ ^^^ f^ (_^ «j-J^t 4:-M-jit _ft ^ ^ ^ A pLp j^ 

■3' 

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j!A^ i«-i^ Wj^" ^ ^~^ji ji^ ^j^" j^ ^ ji-^ ^y U^^^ 

*-i^lj J-S--J*) ^^\j>- <J>^ji ji) JL-,^j JLaJ . L^l jL^I ojL^\ 

j^l JtlU- is^U-^ c dUi ^ ^}^J ' Un^ISL- ^^Jj^j oUjlla^ 

^ J^ (>* *^Lo— b t oUjldl dSj ^\jAj f^UJ^ aj^ij i ^y\ 
O^ "-^Ji iji^ ^J^ -^J • c5j-^l (>* (>^j?^J le-jJ}\ Ja\ j^\j^\ 

J.« djlj^ Lo <^ji ^\ J^ l>L-4J c aL^I . U o-Pt- fl jj <dJl JL--PJ 

. ljj^Jd,\ j^ ,, n . 7 i } \ JU:>-I ?*-*tJI i^j^j 

^j^\ J^U; ij/u c ^ wr ■; /_A u 1 ^ ^u^ ^ w Yr /_A ur 



- Ar- 



jL-- (^JJi g^dl ^^ - ^U- J5Li4 - j^s^^i ''^V "-^^ t>^' 
(^^^i ^_-lp ^m ^^1 ^^ ^LjJI 6^i >j> Up 

( 1 ) -LJ^^S J ^\ Ay ^ ^jK^j^il IJIA J^^-^U j! U U^^\ 

^^1 y^LtJi v-^^ ^li yci c^ >-i c ^ WYvV-^nr^ (.U 

^^>"oL>^l . . . ^^ JT^ l^^U JDI Uc. 



jhW- un. ^uvc nr^c uro : ^.Ij-pVi ^^ij^ j-.-^ ^i j 



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O^^ Jl j a L^- ^U 4JLJI L^>s^ 

JJ j^ Sl,?^:^ tij^l ^^1 ^ c?^^ ti^' r**^-^^ <j^ 
<. [|JU-I aJLJI jlp ^i jSj . fljU_-i! s^^ j^ (^^^ ^ 6y^^ ui^^' 
^LJI j^l ^ ^U 4;1 . iij-^LJ-l jU-^1 ^>>o ^^-i; ^^Dl 

;^iU-ij ^U]l Ov^l tji. U ^U -;^j*5^1- *c1 ^ 0,^ Slj^l 



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ijj U ^^ IU.oJ:;ca i^^^\ 4_^^ - ^jyU j1>tAJ cilJi J-3 - 4.^ 

^^^X^i^-^l ,r^ ^bil) ^j:>^\ -^ jn oj^ ^ j/'ifl O^l 

^_^U ^1 i-j^j^l s^l a.j^ ^ ci^jH^ J.I ^^jU pg^! IJUg^j 

. tij^l -tilj j^^l y^UJI i^^^y- 

^t lg_J j^^ j^ Jb^ ^-153L Ja^ ^1 4-iU^l <^^'i\ jl 

J^ Jbi ^ UUiJlj luJUJl ^U/'ifl Jl SjU)fl cJ^ j3j . aJ 
Jb: J a^U^I ^UjVl jl ^Ij^lj . ^[^ JiLi. >_Jt! sjULj (.U 



U ^ - \ \ * ^ ; iU ^1 jtijL- c J-^l (Y) 
AI-JLihany, p34 (D 



- An - 



c-i***^ ^\ ?*jjlj Jj^ ^ ^M '' ^^' oljLuJIj oUJ^I AlJ^e:L*«lj 
ji^-JI jl Uj . Jji ^ ^j-^' j-^^^ 4/^' i^^' ^jl^" ly fij— *^ 

: Jia i Jji j^ A^jlJJI L^LjJI oUJi^l j^ ^^ ^yi:S\ ^ ^jj 

^ ^Jj^^ ((.^) J t oJl iiy ^^ (^) J t ^j^ ^^ (^il?) 

: ^JJfJ: {\j^:h^] j] l^pt^l) J i JLj;5U blJUcu-l laU)flj iJjUil ^^^^ 



AV 



. 4«UJI h>Ji\ ^J^ ^jIjOI oUJiUl j^ (JUS jJe-j c l^^Swil : j_^u-c 
^*ili j;p uik-^ Lcj is^^U" IJUta aJV^j ^_^X)m c1w*»x5'I 1^:53 t L^ 

t 4*oLa)1 oUJLfll plJL>fc;-^l (_.. ^ >...*u ^ (_j^' rj^J ^-^^-^J (j^j"**^' 

Jiyi^-j" : 4J^j (, "Ala |» g w 1 M Ji jji.ri^fl jl ^Ij <^JLLI cupj^ 
j^\ jiX^ Jjtl SjjHP l^j" : A)yj 4 "41^1 dJLb ^ jU>l {^) 



- AA- 



j^ ijA*il vi^bj ^JU 4;IpI^ Jju t ^aUIj j^^\ ^I^ ^311 

JU>-lj jJiJUll is^U-^ 4JLJL3 0*^U- IJLp U i. 4iJl>tll^ 4ArfUall 0--^ 

(.jbl ^311 j.ai JLp Jo; ^I A^LJi\ ^j . ;^J,! ^l^Vlj uc^\j 

^Lp tt*il^) "i^bJ-l (^i J* a^ ^^" • '^^-^ t >^l JUpI^ 

^»j>- ^ ^~^j~i i>»i ^djlJ (^ ^,?--^ hj=^^ frUa>-^^l j_i5'l J J 
Ijpw^!^" : ^yj t (^ n * ^ j»Ip i^ilj^) "... jUyti l^^^^j 

45111 JL*j j.ip 4....*^^ 4:^ ^_yj (_A U ^ • ) 4lJl dULf ^^ jA^j Jla! 

yLS\ y\ \jJ^} i^l dUL- jy : 4Jyj c "pL^ jflyU . ;JMI^ 
"U^ l>i JlaI Ij«^j yl:jJl US^l Jjhtj UJj Jjhl 1^ L^j" 



-AH 



i_jj Lis Ljij^ (^ t ^5j_j-\ll *ij->ci\ «-Uii-^l ,_,^ i5U»j 
^^1^) " j--^ ^ J^ ^-^j! l^ J^ jiiil A^^ 



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Sj-*A i?L^— >..! : ^ji\ ^U-l iJb-a! ^yj . LgisLa—J «-^1j-a ^^ 

Z\l\ JUt-j jij^ts-^ *^j\ iw^ ^j" : 4j^j t " Jj*-*Mi ^\ «dJ1 JL-P 
JU-j^ Jjl (JL.*?-1) JL^ft>- ^^1 s^y <JlH\j 4jIL1 JU> ^jij-^^j 



. (ai.) : lis- 4 1^'^ (c-.) 

cU^ L L^liLflTw^^lj (Ua^) lUi' /t-^j ^-i Jiilj j./^S llj 4 ^Ls<aitj 
4 I^^J&M' c fljfa.ii^ c ^ \i^/> 4 Ux^) 4_JLjJ1 Jl^^ jIL* ^..^Jl^l Cj^jj 

J^^ Uj ^_^1 pUa^^l J-a dUi jJ' ^\ , jJuJ;* <, j^-^\j <. jO-^J 

( !: ) 4ps-^I i^ Oijj io^LaVlj 'ku^\^ ^j-^' f-Ua^Vl ^.JLp! 

-Las ctUi (J^ U Ul . Ja4£ (r-) j (<— >) (jCps^I j^ u^^y-,<adl jl^J 

- 'IT - ■ I : ■ 



i?*^! «JU j! Ui' t (1 ) 4_?t**Jl ^ U By^l A*jJI j^j! jj 

dJLiS Jbu ^b ^ . j^-apail) 1-M>L«>! (!) A^B-^jJi ^j^ Oi. u -i. g l 

^yt Ao..->^a ^ ^^^.ft^jJI JLp ^ w . ^ Ji l^ l^JUj ^1 4»t- : > i \j <. Ap^^^\ 

l^-J-S' ^1 (r-) 4^B-— l)l Lai . ( 1 ) 4_^fc**jJI j^ ji.^ oC- La ^^^yj 

4^fc«*L-ll «^ ^Jkl l^U - 4:;p L^ (^iJl J-^^1 ^^ (Jj " (» ^ ^^A 

I " St'' 






dJii^i ^^yj oIjLaJi y^ ^ uUwij . aia ^yM' u ?"Uai^ 

a ■ 

lift L^ J*_>- (_/31( O ot_MJl ^^ i^L^j t ^>>tiilj ^>-*^tj 
^UJl ^^ji.^ U^^^j c >ijl:^» :ri^^ ^>Ji jU.>l ^ 

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<, ^^jPsjjLJI UjU?| ^y oljL^lj 0L4 15^1 dUL; ^^ ^ JLij 

■a^*/iai' 'n^^jAj l^;*-^^ «-o Ljl>tA i-*J J ^ r* rV^t i«^ ^^Jj l^^ 

j^^'jlj jLjLaJl ^Uj— ! J-a JT^ ^-^^ ^Jj ^-*^ ^ P-LJjJIj pl5sJ-lj 

^*Sllj Jj'LjaIIj (»r^bU (»U ^Ll^ i^^^^"^^ i-ljJiJL; (>jCj 

CJ XJj , ^_r^l>-^l ^y Jr^J^ J5^ W*^ J:J^*-^b LiUiL^ij 

i-ijj_>i-jJlj <. oL^UiiJ^I^ oLa^JU-jJI (JJLU ^^^ ^ 4JU-JL— *il 
4 Sj^Uil jiU^L k jlJLiJIj *^l^i xorfi^ t Jj^ilj olw^-^e^L 

lil^jLj iwU j.;.rt.'>B-'rJij 2L.ljjJI oJL^ j^) Jij . U^j rtJ>-lyJlj 

^1 «^l^lj jjUoii ^-*^ J^*-^ 



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0-* Isj^^ ui^j t ^^ji o-j' ^j^ ^y>*" 4*-jrlj^ J;^ 



jUkI rjl^ 5-^U-l ^ ALijVlj iw^l rt—j *J t 4Pj-.<*j <iJL]Ju pL*a)I 



- ^1 - 






-U-, jU4iJl^jc0ilUJIc--j4l]JuJ')" : s^U. 4U....-it .u. ( 1 ) ^^^k^l 1.U (o 

•f^«^^ Ji^lYV = ^^lA^J^^ (Y) 

iiU jjJ-l .^ill ^j^ |> JuJb d-> ; (JbJI uJiaJ J^i Jl J^jj t J*w 
(^jL^I -Lj^ ^ wi-^. jij«;Jlj ; (^AAe o) ^^jli^l jUJL- ^ ^_jJU ^^\ : Ji* 

t i^*^ ji\j 4 (Y -r- \ ^ ^) ^ ^UU ; ^i Jl : J A:j^y ^\ . ^IJ\ JUJi 

aij t (1 v-n) ^j-^ ^ij 4 ( ^ ^ 1 /r) ^ ^ij J(Yvo-Yvo 4-Li^i <_.*,^i 

y. <j^^. u'. -^^ je-^t V^-^ ^tr^l i/y " : l-A^ ( y) ii»,^ia^l ^ ^1 ijj 

. p ^ "^ Y Y j^^ = -ft ^ • Y'Y >j>*A \ 

.-A\^iA^*'u 

j^^ jIjOp- iw- (IV) ^^>UJI ^S ajj . iip^iJI dLJi JU jlil ^-1 : jIjOp-j 






/^^ii^ jUaJUl 



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aJ^j us . ^JbJ-tJI uii^^lj ^!>Ulj J^L (Y • /r ) ^ ^Jj:^ (1A) (^>U3I 

. -MrA^La \d=^ >*iA^^p.^ ^ (r) 

^ jj-^1 JL-3 . (y) ^ <_^j-^lj " jLLLJI dLUl ^jj; ( 1 ) J-^^fl J (0) 

/j^i ji ii^ o^iiJL-Ji V j-^j i^'jji ^ui ybj . ^nrr /^^ ^rif ^u j 

\.'oc::iV:^\j^\j^:JjJ^\J\Kj» (Y) 
■ .^MiY Ji^l=j^ >*oy"^^^ ^ (A) 

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.... »t-Lijt 



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jj-^lj 4 ^j ^ : ^jjlC (^) j^ ^ykj 1 5jj-^l tjiJ^Lj t Jj^Vl ^y liSjo (Y) 

,^,«^^lj (Y*A/Y) ^^ ^Ij . (V>-VO ii>UJI ^ Jf/JLij . "ol>^j 
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. U^ ^_^\j "^" (^ J (^) Jj "^1" ( i ) ^ (0) 
t id ^jU 4 ^^J1 J^^tj . ( IVY - iri /O ^_^UaJ1 : >;i . JLji J ^^1j 

. (VY-v*)ti>UJi:Ui1^ij. rwr-r^^^-lt> u*i l ^Lajfid ^^^u 

^.^1 5Lij iiJb^l jilA\ J^ Oi> ^ *^t Ja:-%j ( Y * ^ 4 Y * A /Y) ^ ^)j 
(^\*y^k^)^jf>j" : (vr)^^^UllJU. Jiali^^jiap*5Jp-l:|."^i^ (V) 

i^il_^ 4«j tiiU jil^JUtf ^j«-II ^»-Ji*Ji s.:>UJIj ia^tdi) J jt Jkj" (no ^j--J^ 
\j ^"l^lj ob-il cJlSlj t _ft ^ * VA ii^ Jl j_«;;_^lj ^j^j ^\jJ^ 



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L_*.^.ji jUxsl "JL^ ^Js- iijb Lj^" SjLaj "j/^ sHj t L-wai-j ^^ (,—1 : ^L^i (O 

ijU— >-J pLgJi"; - i-^l eJLft Jt^ Jy*l l_j-«— ij t (h^j j( C^**^'>-lj < jUa-o^l CJjJSj 

;(vo^5>usij 

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<^' jiUi <^'y_ji! y\ oi^ '^> uJb Oiiujj o-^ '^ji L^> . A9 ] 



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j2;^I ^yj . ^j^s ^j* '• ^^ ij*-^j <• (^y j-" 'r^.j-^'j ^ "c-i^" ( n ^y (T) 

iJLg-iJI ij-P-LJI j^ eJJUl jj* ^r^ '• ^l-*-^* ^r^^ s-^ ^J^^ '^^ • J-^' ^^) 
. 4J3U-I oJU j^ 4^1— .1 jL^I )^.*^la t (j,a**j /»^^«i jJL*3 ^j^jUdlj 

0Uw3^;^^y^UWAi)^J J:J" (H) t3luiii;i^jc(no)^_^..^^|^ (n) 

.^MVi Ji^jV-^VAo^^,^ > (V) 

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."(^) jt (^) ^ Jj^>i j^V( ^ji^jC\)J lis- C^) 

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.<«^ «>; <^' jk^ ^> ifcij . '• vi^i 



u . *fci 



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\ (YY ' /Y) ^^ ^lj\ (At) ti^-UJlj ^ (VV-Vl) ^u^j ^1 ^ jr^Jb (0) 
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• <2:>j<v>o-Si^j Vj^" (V) 

■jAi-ii SJJL P-LtJlp rfi-i) J^l (. pwo /^ (_r^ tl?^ lV"^ ^t^*^ O^l /j*J • **A_jj1 ^v* 



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tjL^t ^^\ ^^j . jJM a-i ^ iii^^ ^ jLi^ ^ iotjL, yh : ia.^^ 0^1 ( \ ) 



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^ ^ io^L-, J3 c U * i-. ^yj" (ov) JlLill iijlj . (V-l) ^_^«^ ^\J i^) 

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.^ j^l L-iu*^ tjP-*ili ^J j_^ C^^^C-dij/lj AjUI JjU JU*- 4wi ^^J [J6^ \ * V] 

ijj jj -U«« «JlJ? t iuJl dUb ^yj .^"'^e^l (^ j_;.^«-iJI CdL-i'j '''*4]i^j 



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. . t-ii>Li j^ ^ y>, - 5-tiJl Ja^ jlsI Li' - y-i^ ^ JpiJl j^jiS izJj J^t j! 

jAj_il oL^j frUlp J^l J-j>-) jlS" (J JJl ;jw^ Ul 4JLJI Xp /^ J—*- ?«r*^' C-ijJl 
-ror) iiyi .»^w«Jlj c (Y \ A-Y W) o^ <.LJU : J ^u-rj >;! . 4i.j ^ 
pL^Cjil^j-^ ^^j*-^ (j<^j — *^ ^ ^^ f^ (_j* ajLsj wL-^ ^^llj-S'i JLij . (V^.i 

• ^^>iiJr' lt*^ iS^^ j^ Cr**^ ^r*:'' 0' (_ff^-*^ ^^^ 

• ^r^ J ^V^ Jr* "j^'. LJ*" ^^Lj»- i.:i. Ji !t..i (V) 

/.UwUoj ._*U *^ /.Lp j^Uil »^j ^ AiiUilj i j^n •r/.Lp:4jlii1j t jb^ ♦VV 

I,*?"!^ : ^1 . \ gM a; 4i«JI j^ 4>J-1 (ji.^^^^-Ji ajIjj J 'i/J l^irf wUi -Jj i (»-^^t 
tr^\-r^o ,rwi -rvr)4_5L.^.JbJt(^Y^"-Ue t A*-V^)^t)LSLSI 

iaJL?- Oij . jjJU. (jljdj ^ L^ J^ ^\ ^j i (_* n * ^) Oyiljo UJju cJo^ jl^ 



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i JaUilj J^r'i^- (^^^ 4^JjJ( Jjij J-^ (JLp <^^j— iJI JUJ ^ JLn--. ^^ k_ij!j 

^ ^ ^ * V i^ ^j " : ( vv) ^ui jUj . "l^^^i ^\j ^u- ^ ^^u Ja^^j 

Cf, j^^ Cf, i^^ -^JJ ' >--^ ^Jj J>-'J ' -^ Jl -^J 4>^ -"^^ ^J-^' 7*^ 

(ttr-rr T /T) j-i, ^\j (vr~vt) j^^JlI u1 . "^^j^i oL ^j t ^l, 

(^^' cf^ (jf^J '' (-JjjH (jf^l 03jT^^J C^ci^XS jj^J-_> 4 "(JLLill ii^" tw-?-U<?j 

""^ (/ Jj**^' *^^^* ^it^ (/ ^A-,_^_ ^^1 J-^ t JjVl J^^^ y,.L-, Jj^ 
i^'j ^f^^ -ViJ Cn -'-'^^ ^-dJjJJI Jijj j^'i** iL-^ ^>;t Lai . SJUJI jU-^j (^^' 

. "(^0^1 ^" (y) ^yj c (^) J ( t ) ^ li^ (r) 

• u^r^ J^. '■ -^J ^'^^ 
pjij JLij t Jhr^^ SL^j frLJLp j^i .b-l 4 Ow»> U 4JLII wLp ^ (J— ^ ?^~^' J* ( '^) 

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^ A*-, ^_^( Jl ^> ^5JL!i j^_ jSj ( t tr- t't \ ) ;JLy I i_,^wJi J jjVi 

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L«^ JL.«^ba /^ JU.^-1 J\ 4 j_^ /vl S'a \j^ 4 ■L^^'vl /^ Sa^xJ* j) 4 "^ljL>iLl 4d^" 

= 4-pU:?-'VIj 4-_JLJI ilS^lj ^;^lj 5^,^ t}\ ^ . "jJ. frUU" ^y pL-JI ^Jb 

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. (3jLJI (j^l^l (^ 'U t_ijydl pJLdJ ( \ ) 

.Wa»- /^ Ij:;X«:l^ ^^ ^ (jLhA^j ^ ,J^^. JU.^1 ^t*^' ^LxiU . *^jj ej^^l>-^ 
. ( ^ "IV) ^ ^UJLp : ^1 . UiijJ^l *aJLj jI JJ j^JL *^jJ 

.^\n^Vj.U YY = jU*ASJL*aJlji \ .:iJ^\\y(^)J (1) 
^y" (VA) ^^^ y\j t (Y YY /Y) j^ ^jj t (AA) (^>UJI ^ (V) 
■ ls'*^ oi^ JaAJLllj fl^^-,^1 ojj^^l (T-tHJ ■' <-^-Ua.^ Vfj <OL)i Tji 

^ j aJ^UI ?^^ |jM«LJi_a\v mJLo (^1 ^ c 5^^.,aJt ^JL^ ^ji,^' (**^<^^ »^Lu^1 tifc^.wtj 



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J:Li t Jj'yi *^j j-^ (^ ^^^ t-iJ'Vlj 45111 J-^ ^_w" iu- j_j3 J [Ji^^ .^] 

,^%').^ <*)^1 (^)sl\^ cZiij . iU^ j. O^^l V c>i ^'^'•^^^ 



Abdul-lattf Nasir al-Humaidaa, The Social and plitical history of the provice of 
Baghdad and Basra from 1688 to 1749. Ua published thesis, The victoria University of 
Manchester, 1975. p.45-46. 

JL>-^j . iJL->»11 j\ ajJlJL Ja*p*j (^gJUl jj«JI : oJLiJlj t C-aJU ^j^ '■ C-Juj (f ) 
jl ^i^loJJ 4..L^^^ l^ ^^^JiJI t_^^^.jJ;-l _i fiOj oJLLjJI jV^>~^ 4JU>va ^^d-^-^l ^ 

fr'iLi-1 j^ ^yhj (r) J (i-j) j^ >,-^j irt :l>j t 5-pU-Jrl ^-aJ^ jj-^ n ) (^ : 1,^ C'^) 
jn^^Ai^j *J t ^Ij Jlj jUyLlj j^j-w jT(_^j" (^) J (*-j) ^ SjLJI ^^^ (V) 

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■^iij^i flJift jicj . (0*^) jii-iii iLjij (VA) ^^..^ ^ij (rrr /Y) ^^ ^i ^ 

,iJL_t l*y Ua !_**** Jlj ji-lj Jlj i !_**** Jl p-y Jl !_**** Jlj O^j^ J' Lf*--; 
>L*» Jl ij^j <. jAyS\ Jfti (ju ijUJtl (.uoj JjVl *^j ^y (_ft ^ V ^) ^fr^j" • JjAJ 

^V*->-_^l JLp /^ JU_>-I ! jt.^ t J^-J oJLp *^j 4jjU»il dJlA J J^J ' JUj>ta Jl ij^j 

Jl 1j.o*Xaj . Ltl^B^ jw'j t (♦■jJ" jV *7* jJI ^v -I—**** Jl frL**'Jj /•« i iuti /jj aL*^- /jjI 

/ jlolJI ^y pjJL J^'j JJLiJt VI *^ *^jj JU JU^^ 
^UJI JLi»- .y^j i j~A^\ eJJL oUdSj ^UJLp .k^l : J^U^I /;j 4J1JI JL^ ^^ JU^s.A ( Y ) 
jUJLu j^j^Jll *JUJI JLJbj (_ft \ * 0^ o) LpL-««- 1) j^ jUj>-i -^ jUpw tj_^^-ilt 

. (Aoo-Aoi)a^(^UJU : ^y 

:(■;*:) t3l^l4iji^-->Utf Jli . l^pJUi^l : i^^^^aiilj "l^jjP^V' (^) J (^) J (0) 
. "^f^ jLS) JaI ijp.i.h /^i Jjl ^j J: (^\\\*) i^y 

io^: ^^t y^l jbu jJ^i iJuj . (^) J (c-j) J i^ jj 'aL^ "iL-Jl dO; J" (V) 

. iiLJI i-JI J v^ Jl jLt* Oii 



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: i-i-'ji ^^1 LftjS'iji j) jJfjj^^ ^y jlS" (jJI j^lj (»-^y (JiJil^ *aI ^yj 

. (_. ,^tH1 SjULi j^} SjJLJI ^j 

. ^\ jfi jaJ.] JaI ^jU -jb ^ ^ \ t 
. ^^1 JaI ^Ua: (u>r) --A^ ^ M 

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i^^«,flSl1j t j.^ _^1 Jj-- jl fc_jJLS' ji -L— s : ^jjC 49«^^ iJlS' ^_^ "(JL" JlajiJI ^j.« (V) 
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^^ a1 ^ Jlj t t^-fl-la j^ a1 N{ Jl : |tJh i-A^I J^ iUfcil i*%* "a1 ^" Jl (, . Tu ( i ) 

t— jj I^Uj^j V^jJI *J^ t— J ^^1 . y_j^-S^\ i*AjJI (**y -1^' ^ j^'J '-'' Ji 
= JaI t ^L- jTlyL Un ^o) ^jj" (■\>) JU^I id^j t (AO ^^ ^1 J (o) 



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Ljl j-^.*^ ?^-^l ^-t^j jL^^ ^ Aj^-JI ^iU; 



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■ ^^ J (y) Cr- V^j-^lj "c-iy^" J^^l ^y (r) 

-ft ^^^ o1-*-rr-« — ^J J^— ^ t>^ j-^^ ^>; c/^ ^ f ^— *i ^' 0—* ''-i-^ J^ 

ijw^ U ^ ^^i^ iLJI dUb ^j" (^) Jj , "41JL.I ^ ji.^ U ^" (^) J (V) 
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^^1 ^y ^''^ULSi\j 4SQI j_*. ^>..^-^j ^^^^J '^^^ Jj [^> > t i ] 



pL-j Jl (_ji)^ 4 ijjdl (ij-« 7*^1j Jl '^j ' (•■4-ri j-^r^' J*' I^U^" -_ft ^ ^ ^ ^ 

. (AA— AV t jtf-*-* ^vO - "^— fl^ 1^ pL-j Jl ^j-9 

.(YYA/Y) 

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.(YY^ 

. pwn ^j^ ^^=^^^Yr^^,Pw ^ (y) 
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1^1 (Y) 



1^ (1)1 J^ ?i«ij|j t t«*«*^J-*J' ^^J tlri JU;>fc« «-*iJlj tjiw— ->- Ll 4JLil jLp ^v ^j— **■ 
'pLp _» j -A.l S \ eJJj (. JbJ /j_| JU_*^ <. 4Xd <^j^ Jj^ iij . ^Jtij-yS-j 4JLil J j-1- 

i_;,i*u •*-—*>■) j ^wMadJI j.*p-i : jLsifcw^l 4JI ^^^ j! y_Us> t Uj.^U-j_*\ \ ♦ V 

X*^! ?i-*il1 ^^^ . ,l)Uaaj J lo.g.^^»o 4JI \^j-^ i tji— "5^ ^' (V*'*"^ (jiUiali 
eJlA ^i J. ..r^dli J.*p-I «-_-SJI Slij j^'i pL— Jl j1 Ja;^!i^jj . *^ j.^L>*ll <Juj^\ 

^ ui^ ^ c U ^r"\A) V -^Uip" j^ Jj'ill A^.Jait ^_^ u n Y i) iUI 

j:sL^ ^ ^lUpj t (n'^-nv) JL>: ..ljlpj t (YYr-YY )) a.yi Lp^ 

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jjj . ^^ Wo/o/^ j_j> jj-Xv- ib^^j- ^ j_ji^" t 4-j^^IjsJlj^ i SJ-ill JjLJ.1 

(^'\v-^'\o) v<.Lapj4(Yor-YoY)^yi 



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(3 J— : Jlj— .''ill j1 Ji-lJdl dUb j^t j^j . *.L-^Vl dUb ^1 (,.^JbJ.l) s^l 
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. ii^-ill *JUli LiLi; aJdJi frL?-^j jjLip ^;;v *-^J>^lj oUl^l JjJtS U-Lp u^lailj 

. jLJidUb 
, ^^V^t aL ^y ^Li jTljJbJ (j»^ ^ro) *i-Jl «Jub ^j" CKo) ^_j_^ ^1 ^ (V) 

Jt J-a t-i^ jjJ ^L*i Jl J-9 **J . 4-JI 2- — ; (_^^ J^J <-^S^ 0^,4l--Ls t ^^jS-t^l 



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t (Y Y i-rrr) ^^.^ ^>^l : >! • ^^'sUVi sy>jJi ^^u ouyi xp ^^ j_*^ 

ipjiil SjJLj .^ j^r*'^ J^^J y '• -^^^*^ Jl (>* j^r*'^ J*^ ^^3j tlr* ti'^^' <_-AJLil 

JjaJ- j_j1; J^ j-v^I^Ij . *JijHfiti \jfiJjij l^ j-,i?l^l lj>-j^lj t;jf^^ J' '.y^j] 

• (*^ Oi ^ *^ "^J u^' -I 
.:^I^U;)ISJl5lj (V) 

Ja^ j-^ljJl j^ t 4_«j»-j Jl j^ (t^lyj Jl J^ fi^^jil iji *^' 4r-*^ ^r^ • J-^>>- ( ^ * ) 

; . (^\^)Ju:*Uip : ^1 . t^illj 4P^I 

jj^ *^„j^l (_jJl ^ <■ J— Jl (^J^l JL*— ij ^m/a 3)1 ^~^j^ O'-*^ l5''-^1 ■ *— J"JJ^I ( ^ O 
»y^ uii*- (,^ f>^*4'' yj '• ,^Ja-JI o-« Llx- : i^\y^\j t J-^Vl j^ IJiios ( \ T ) 

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J.J A^]j o-Ujj j^L^i ^1 jLLL^ ^^^iUS . ^^^J/VI ^j ^ 



*-f;jl5L I^Ljc—I Jjb^^j ui*-*" t>t r^'^l <J' ij— caSllj t *— jjIj jl *-* : iJli^l ( ^ ) 

j.«— ,i Uj_^i JL—ij . (_ft^ ^fo) il-JI aJlft ^_s *ij-l^ *J JjujJfj Ol-— ^ tlrt' 

(jjjl ^UOIj h ^ rtttj 4jjj_«il oJL-iJI 4 jf^^ (J•*^-* (-*^ ^fa i«-) ^f 

."a:L-"(^)^ (r) 

. ^^-lJ^Ij Ja*«iii1 olysj JbJLHl jUjJI j_^ iJl^l jJLk; U SiUj t jUj : cJj (o) 
^ t>ib (^A) ^^^Liil j^ jr ^i J5j . Ja*.ii1 dUi JLp jil>l j^l : ^y^ (\) 

^^1 |»:3^ j^ dUi o\ j-^^ ^j . U^j ±J- ^ ^j^^ ia^ jU^ Js-vai; (^) j/ 
j_-w j^l jj 4JL^I «_v-UJI jl j-Ljj . J-*^LiJI sJift Air 4^1*^*1 »Aa1 ^ *— i-'ji 

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. (Ao) oly» jJLi JU ^g^^l *JLJ1 jU- ^;^ *-aI^J Jy^l -^n ^0 
. (AA) (_g -fliiJ) ^Ljj *H /"J^ W^ 

; : yj ^IJliJ 

\y) 9wUI ^ g "1 '^ oLaL^I oJUb jl ^x^\jj . 4i,y^\ f-^jji. ij"'-^ .ksfcJ jCJ 

■ i (^A-^v) ^_^-.-^ ^ij c (Tr^-Tro /y) ^^ ^Ij . ( ^ ^ •-^^) ^^^uji 

.p^vYn^pa-jil YH= nr^^y^ ^ (y) 

:= 4i;-.j' : (A^-AA) ^JJ ^^1 Jli ._*^ ^Y"V flU JLujLv-jJI IJuljb Jbj 



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xJ- J*t Jl*_j^ U t 6jt — llj jlk«''^l s^^ii' .^-^w«j SjJLiI 41- iLJl eJu c-_«— ( ^ ) 

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. (£> J (^) J-. v^j-^ij <- ^t oj-b "j^^" : j^^ii J (r) 

. (v^r) jU 

(XtV /Y) ^ ^2;^! : UajJ 41-Jl eJU ^ Ailij j_S'i . ,j-ij^tj frbVI ^jUj .iljjl 
. (^rO 0^ ,.UJLp : >Jlj . ( ^ ' O ^,^v«P ^Ij c (vr) Jlutil 4i4 ^ ^LJIj 

y^j . \j4 iiJI eJl* ^ o-lij l/S ^,iiJl t (vr) JLJJll W ^y pL-Jlj t ( ^ ' ) 

jji>- ^ Oi~-^ ^} "^l -^^ t>i t>-^ ^?*"j ' j-^l JUpt-9 ^^ _U?-i ^r*" C-*J7i^ i>*-? 
. ( ^ Vi-\ vr) t Of i^UJLp : ^1 . -b-U J Jjij i UiJIj ..UdJI ^jLoj iljjt 

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*^^0 t ^^1^1 ^^^l>^ t ii-JI <iJLL- ^j /^^oJjj c,...^ft)l ^'^^\j 



1 g'^ j^"^' -UL^ ^j:^ jrf jL-— I J1 j_jS C-J^1 kiJLJj ^ c— ,fl — ail SjL-el cJLS'j 
. (T^T-TA-V/T) c^\r^A^:LJU ioUJIj,j>^ 

j^lj jU^^ J3j" : (_ft^ ^VA *Lt ci->il^) jL-p ^yl (Jli . -*\ ^VA *Lt oil^ 
**aI^I ^^ {.^\ \Xh) i*JI oJLa ^j : (^A) ,-«--p ^^1 d^j "^jaIj*} -UjI t»--,fldii 

' j-^. 0^'' J^^ (> i>^ V-r-l lM^. (^ TT^' 0^ "-^''^r^^Cr- «-^ J— '^ J^ 

."1>^"(j^)j(^)^y (1) 

. ^^ o'i^aii* L^^j pU j^ (. La U^i iUt -J (, -ft ^ ^ To 
; . (Ijjirt) ^ IJbJl 4i,,n1l ^j L (^) J ( n djJ^\ J I-Ka ("V) 

^jiJI ^y jd- ii JaI ^ Oj-iwa Jl l^jj j^lajJUt ^_^ i jaS\ JaI Sjij ij-,<aSll (V) 

(_5j?-L^I iJlS . aj^'i ^Jjj Loi' -ft \ ^ r f ^ t^ ^-^ (»4''5^r— *^ "^ ****" *-^ t^ 
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Ifi^ O ^'^:>U-j c c-Jiil ^ Uj^l ^^^.ud?^ ^^^^y^ UjUu 



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jfi> jj-^iO^ d^j t 0>-^ Ji ftn-^^j*y Ji^ y^ JU-?- j^ ^_^ (_ft^ ^ M 4 -ft M iV) 
4:lp ^.jlJ-I ^^- jlSj t j^^l ( JaJI) ^j:-*^! ^L-^1 1 JJ^' -^'j ^^ ^ ^S^^ (T) 

. . . ^j-Jl^ JT^ jl-.-J..^ 4Jt U^ : li^ J^Ml ^^ c— Jl ^>« >^l Ula'^jj (r) 

. ;>A C)j-^ ^ V-^" ( ^ > lH"^' </ ^ ^^ 

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jAstf ^ Sjj_^l ^y LJt inSj ti-i-*j t 4^^^ (_yplj ^jU :^^ JU-j?fca *A-U-1j 
d^il^) iU ^Jj (Yr^-YrA /Y) ^ ^1 : iS) j^\j . "a^ ^j otsU ^^1 



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^>^' Jb * ^W-' iS^h (_y^' (_5» ^' <- ji-^ jl-^ Li-^i : Je-^J ■ iSj^J-^^ 

• ^^ iyij"^ (_$^^J^*^ 4a.4>^I oJlL /^ 

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^Ij c jU ^Ij t ( W Y) t^^UJIj U^ O i^rij ^J > t^^^^l jjUII J*^ ( O 

>.u ^^ aSjU-i oJLa c *Aj-^j t (rr^ /y) ^^ j^ij c (> * y -^ • \) ^ , ., <> 

(UlS*) juil iL- Jj" : 4J^j_flj lj«_*yi oJLa j— -^VI j > ,M1 M>y^ . _a\ \ iY 

i>; Cr^ i>! >?** '*-^ i>!' *^^ ti-'^'j •■ jj-^-^t J^^ o^j o*.j^ ^J^^ y 

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i.-.^a.. Jjj . iiiUH eJU JI ^i^ULJ Sjj^l ^^'^S jLa\ j: .^t Vj . aJU- 

«_Ji t-U^*-^ J^ J^" ^-*^ UY)5_JUIi^ ]\ iH^ J}\i^ j^^ ^l^)j JlJA 

= pL^'^\ dUU t ^^AJULl JL^j- jT^y^ ^ J-*P« y.J^i}^^ (-a\ MY) i^y 



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I JL* j^ iPjiJl SJJLj j^jJl* Ojiaj-Jl jj_PjLi \y\S jjiiil c-jJiil Jjbl j-^l^l ^^jil 

I j^ 4JiU-l aAa Jl t (Vi) Jluilt aJJ. ^ ^UJIj t (Yr^ /Y) ^^^ ^1 jUt (A) 
, *--r^ J' l^^ia-^ (_A ^ ^ i * ) i«JI aJL* j^" : aL-JI JU_s (_a M i * ) p I* ^i^-sl^ 

. SJULJI j-,fl3 jjl* tJi**'^'^/! (•rf^^j^i fr^^r-^lj 



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(*— ') (j-« iwoj-^lj t ( 1 ) j^ "4J" iJlS' cJij — . Jij t 4_i 5^j ^_jUj: : i-i i-J (Y) 
Jjb; liJij uyHjb <^^* 5i-. ^" : ( Y i * /Y) ^^ ^1 JLJj . (Vo) JLjl^I 

^^ 4^1 J^ (>« ^Jjl^ -ViCj 4 ^Ij^ l^^-jb tiJlP ijjyJI sjiy^l JjLi jiS"! ijJ>S\ 

^_1p1 ^^ J>j*i'j 4 ^L-iJI ipiL Jl SjUJ-I Jl jUj — It ^^ilj J) ^... ^ ft l l Jl 
t JjIj t *J— « : (_^ *vr-^ o,?^ ^^ (^1 f»--^j • '-^-'j-^' '^jij^ JL-*.-^ JJ*"!^ 
jliJlj jJL-p j_5iU~1 Oy^' J^^ ojip iL-_s f'jji oLpIj.^ ojJbJ Jiij . -^«*J 
J:Li ^^ Uj-Pj ^*i/ ^^ ^jjjj j^j ^Li- ^_5jj jAi^j jj^\ ^ Cx:ijp*i^\ j-ip 

• ^^) (>* J.^jit (^*i" -laA-.j . "^^jUI" (^) J (0) 
i "^1" oj—^ L- Vj5b ^ *-^*-^lj ji-f^ "-JUl j-p" J_<u ^1 iJL5Jt (^) j (n) 
Lg-Jj : IJLS;* ( \ *r) ^j..^ ^1 J ^^1 :>jj jUj . "ol-^ U" (^) jj 

4l«A jjPjJ ^^1 J.«^i.a j1 "j^ 4.^^^M^ Jl rjA Oy-^1 (^;y— i^ U) Jlj . ^^..^'>- "^ J^J 

. (YW)JL^..UJLpjc(YYn)^^^--p^l: ^1 . j4j^^ JaI £a^1 

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^^'1^^ ^^'(ijLui ^ ^y ^'^^'Vlj 45111 jlaj ij^A^Jj *^ iL-. j_/j [j^n iV] 



L^K iujicuw-j (^) ^yj i ".^tj 4a>j id": IJLSU iuJI cu*— j (^) ^ (\) 

. (^) J ( y) ^y v^j^ij . "c^^" ( 1) J^'id ^ (r) 

i>-j^1 ?e;^ i-i5j i2Jj ^ U^j jjj t ^;2--il sjlL (3j-i ^ jtS; icji ^ : p-UkiJ) ( i) 

*ijb " jiL>JI oUiP" oLj.'b "c*^'" ^'^ 'i^^^v^t '-^^J. ^-^y, Oi *^1 -^*J 
j^ aUI jlpj ^iUftJI cjiJL>-j ^^iL^fcJ) jUi_p Lf^i Ja t P-UkiJI j^ T^j-il JaI ji^ 

(j^l ijAj (. 2-j>ijJl je^ji JL>-1 ( Y Y Y) ^Ij JIj Sj_4 ^^3l>LJl J1 (_jJ-1 JLiJ (*— -* 

. lf*-i; iJLaJI j^ ^•'il ^^1 (YYV) jUj*.^ JL 

. ^ ^ vr i ij^ r;= ^ u i V p^,^^ Wi) 
.|.wri^,-,^^5rv = J.^^iVoU^^ (V) 



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. Ol^ SJLp iJjb JLty 

^ j-.^ ^"il ._i^j ^p^l ^j^ . "4-J-1 j»<o" ^lj-^1j , J^Vl ^ tJLs:* (r) 

jA L* j j «,aflH j-Aallj t j-Aalt ,_yl* tj^pla**-^ lj-,i_j ; ^_jjo: il>«j 4-aIp : \j^^ ( i ) 

. ^ji^j \Aj.ja^%A : ^^ji^ . \^jAj «'(_f-iJl pLc : Zjj^\ (V) 
(J^ (>™i c5-^' js^^^^ '^■*«*^ J—* iSj^ tj*j t Sj^jh oj"^ c«— ij : frUJaJI (A) 

. i^.^ A^4>.,^\ CjJU-1 Jj i^ jA>- jSj . lfi'ja}\ ojjj 

. "ii^ j^ iuj! J'^**; ^^ ^'^ ip^l ^y w^l Jl frl^ sjJL *i" ( U) 
. iSji^ J*! Au t/H t^ ^^ »-^ (»-^" 5^;-^^ : <, g> jr( ^ V) 






o^ 0^ ^I^,_^l3 LiUJU t 4JL_i 4 ,fl;ll j^yJb -CU ( jJU! ) Jj-^^l *— "ill )jU ( 

- UA- , i 






IjX> ^j^j i. j^L^ ^^ j^^ Ji i_f^^ Ji 



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i) 

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. "Ijlj' oL*^ ^U ^^ "jl Jtj" 

Oj.^ Jl l_jk^ ( jL*— i ^y) t (-aI^Ij 4dl jlaj u^Jj »^ 4i-- ij" : li^ (^) j 
-jbjjjjslj (t-i^' f J*'') (*^c^ f\)*J <■ *Mj ^ji V Ij^^lj j-iAaJI ',^r^J ' 5*ji3l ^y 

j>> UJLju L^j iL-J1 eJL* 0-«— .J JLij . *^V^* jjU t t =_ft \ \ tA ^^;:»t-a \ 



•V) 

V) 
A) 






^T^ - 






J t 



4;^ l3^I JI (^jJUJlI) ^^ J^'iL- j^\ J icj_ail <^L^Vl j^ : iooil ( ^ ) 

• ^hj^ ^A^ (;/-) Jj- d\ ^hj^ j^; t^ ^/-rr*- Lrt' j^^j 
oU-lxJI ^ ^L^Vl Jl o sJliUI <-^i^^1j jyiL^.yujJl ^JJd :"^l ^L Ij^^j (Y) 

■ ui)^h '■^^^ Bj-*-* - ,J-*i *— 'Li l_j^:>-j . _A^ ^fo |iUj _A^ ) * ^ *U djj| 4>- Js- 
Jj.i "oU>l ^ ^\j JT Jl l^^l j^*" :\S^(])J SjU_Jt *ju oijj (r) 

• ((T^ J (*-r') ^J^*" ^^*^ -*^ * (•T^^ 'if ( t ) SjLp ^^jiv jl Lcj 

^ |.L^ jTol ^f2-i^ JaI -Up (4:^j J) |.j-JI i-ijydlj" : ( Y Y T ) ^^^.-^ . j^l Jl5j 
. (Y YV-Y ^ ^) (_j*«-p ^^1 : J *-^_^Ja*j t^jxJIj i*A_^l 

vi^ji^j^ j^^ 4i3LJ-i oIa (v^) jb-iii ;a^ J i^lJij ; ( \> r) ^^^.^ ^1 ^s ( o 

(^.Jj^^b ck^ J*^ Cr* JWj S->-^ '^---j ^rV-i^ Ja^ *^L-Jj j- Jl^^^ 

. " ^^^\ Mj <-^J^ iijj^l *,giUw friyii: ^*^ ^Ala ^1 *L*; 

. (^) J (^) jj ^-*jj-^lj 4 "4-iJj l_^ JaI ^Jj" ( t ) J^rf>Ml J (0) 

iiUo JU la.y ^ JU-tJI Jl IJS\ ^j . JU\) L^ls" JtiL" ^tiU Oii ^- 1^^ 



: : ^,1 :. j^j^'jaII ijj^»— j *-i ^_j;- ^y S^,-*ip s^l si* J'jA^ W*^. o^j ^ ^.j^' JLil 

4 — ^ ^iL-^ Jp ^1^^ SaL j^^ ^>=L1 Jl ^ t ^Ji ^^ ^j^l : ^ji (V) 
VOU ^ ^^1 jL* jJL^j JJ^^' j^ JU-SJI Jl Sli" Y i*. Jpj Ja^ 

. ro i - Tot ^ i o. J t ^yi t i-UJI jli t jUJ^Ij iaUJI ^jiJ jUil 

- ^r* - ; 






Ji ^^A '■ "J^' "-^ 4^ ^-^y "-"^ J— c^'j O^J - (^ lT! Cr* SU -kJ Of ■*-«- 
^1 : >l . U ^ ^ A \ - U r ) (^^^J:>J1 >^ J. j^l j.1 ^ ^^l; ^ jU-JL^ 

. CM i AA)4«i; j-U^I . iJUy^yliAJ 

-V3j . *-f-i l^::—Ljjj ^U^ <>* ^J (_f^ (>* W^^ *T^^J ■ \ij^ Sr^ Y * * Jju 
*j«^ t (.r-r*-^ t>^' ■ ^' • ^:ty>^\ -4^01 J^ ft-^y S^U- frlj_2-ti oj»»w91 

. jjI^I I ji . t^ I -ii f-ljii Jj^b 1^7^* J^^ j*^ -'*^'^.j • -^ J^'' ^^^ 

•f^vrn^jU u =^^MA3-UAilJi \ (i) 

• S>A JjJb t J-^^i ^ liiOb (V) 

,{►^vr■^4JJ; 1 =-jbnM ji^ Yi (a) 



^r^ - 






: . "^i" iUi- oijj (2^) ^j . (^) ^ ju^)iij . ( 1) ^y " J3" iji- iy ^ (r) 
a_«_jj^Ji(_ft \\i^) k i) eJLjb jy :i\'i) ^^-^ >^i Ji5 ^ aSiU^i aJu 

41-JI eJLft ^y" : (Vn) pL«— Jl Jlij . "-j^^-^j-j ^1>LI >;>*JI -i-_pj t^iU_Jl 

. *Aj-*J ^1^1 4JLJI J-PJ (_5iUtJl -Up-II ^^ JUPfca JLp IfJ 
IjL-wa j^jIp IJLo^ SJJU J_J <^^^lJi^l 1^1 jlSj . |«>^) 4_;_*J fljit gIL (a)^) (^'JL-^l 

JU— 1 ^_^ j-o y LjJI j-o aUI jU- JV S^^I aJlft ^ ^J i«.UjJlj t Ja^ JLS"^ 4-*«i- 
. SjjUdl l-Loji frU-Jj j-^U Jl *4iaj-** ^ W;^ (H^J^J ' (*^ (>i *^ "^J Cf^ 

,. (^n-AA) ^^^^ j^ij t (ror-ro • /r) i-uji ^^ , ^^.^ ^1 : ^1 

. "tijui" (y) ^j "^1" (£) J ( n ^ j>^^i ^^) iJu ^jj (A) 

- ^rY - 



. ^^^H-b JLp jLJL. 






. -A n A^ ^.U ^ (Ao) Jli^l ii^ ^ ^LJIj t ( \ U) ,_y--P jilj ; ("i^ /O ^ J.I 
. (^"i) ^j«-P ^\j t (Yfo /Y) ^ ^\) : ^1 . Ijuy SjlL i-Uj ^ 4aL-j 4 jLJL. 

./.\Vr'\^,-*::«-o=-A^^oYS^VI^jU^ ^ 

-(•Wi' ^> Y^=_A^>or^.^P« ^ (^) 
' (^r^) J (y) y> "^U" Ui- cJm^ (V) 

./.wi* 4j_jjr = -A ^^^>r jj^i*^jA-viwJi-j (a) 

O^ ^J1 *— 'j^lj P''j*^ ^i,?**^ jcJLaII IJLft (jl jJL-ij t i^^yJUaygl (-!*£ ', \j->i^\ (^) 

- ^rr- 



;^^>jLJLp ^1 Jl ,4^\ij ^jJLlI ^^^ ^''J:;3 , [k^] dli; Jj 

^^^jidii ^^^j^i 1^ ^^'oi'iij asm jbc o:,..*i^j ^jt 41^ ^j [^n 04 ] 



J;^ J—*- J)j L;b-^b . (_A ^ ^ 1 ) 4JUI i-JI ^ j-^ Jl 'UP (^IjI 4li t *--^i 

j^Q^^I JLp ; J--a^ t j-ip »^l^l djij jJ^ ilA\jS\ 0^1 y>^\^_^ ^i\j^\ ja jJ- 
^ <.-A\t\\ t t-ijUil Sjljj i J-ji «^jl; ^y jlUI Oi^^ t2.j>JU *^ t ^^1 jT 

j^ LJi*jj-^' J'-J^ J^ ^^ -^1^ ^1 S^T^ cJLS'j 4 ^5reJ-x3l JLilj ^li jl 1 ^ _;^j j 
t ASjy^ ^ ^u-o ^j j^h \^:Si^j \jbjAS-j j^Jil JLilj «-^ Ulji-ili t Sjip r^r^ 

^ tilJJj i S-L^ JL>i-*a ^ JLvj iJUi *^ J^aj t jULp Jl 4ij5-i* j_jS <iJixi ^JJI 
ij*^- jV UJilj ^1 _^ IjLa ijj>.^-j c -l^ ^jjl^ ^ Oj yw j^A iL*^ t _A ^ ^ 00 i;^ 

■:"■■• -J^'j O^ *J^' -^ Cri' 

^^^.1 jT4 4iJlij^,jjJli_j_^ JIJ(_Ano^)L^J": (Yl:\/Y)^^^IJli (t) 

■ " J^j SjUj -.^ j:i i «-^7^ ij* Oy* 
t ^_j-^a3I ij^^ Ja (_6 ^ ^ or) iiJI e-JL* 4^ " : ( VV) JU-lil ai£ ^ aLJI Jlij 

*-^, (J-^ '■ ^-hji -^^^«— » ^ O W^ J^' J' (>* j— "^ Jl, 4.<t-P (^ 4 *-^7^ -^ ji-"' 

. . " ■* .- ■ 

^^^Jl jS'J Sij-. \ . jj_S'ii( (^y^jJI ij^*;?- Ja UJju ^I iL*Jl;^j . Jl-J^J ^Ui 

- ^j'j^' ^^^' -^^^ • -* ^ ^ ^^ P^ ^ ^iLJ-l aJLa ( ^ ♦ 0) j_j™P 

.^Wi^^jU^^=_AUoi^^,Pi^> (1) 
. Ui^^j iJUijJl iJjjOl ; La pjjJL) >j)/a^U (0) 

. 6 waJI 'Cj JU 



^ri - 






OwUUll ^ *T jjjuc^ ^-iJl Jii-I ^j . ^WTo /_f,\ \ iv ^U ^jC;^Ui^\ 

.\^\-\^* j_;^(. . . jjy injjl (. tULj^^ : jiiil . t-jyiJl o^>=r Ja.-'jj Jl^l 

Al-Humaidan, p.154-158, 160-161. 

.^^viY^>A = ^^^oo^^^ ^ (t) 

. ly^J^ jjJL t J^^Vl ^_^ \JS (T) 
(Jb^l 4_i^ j_jS »LmJI : jiail . ojJLJl j^ (»— ail i-iiii j_jS OjrfUj ^rV— '* *-^ JUJi 

*.l_*.jV)aLJUUoo)^JUJLA^yj" : (^ *n) ^^^--p j_;IJUJ t^^ \oo 

- \ro - 



^'^'^^\j ''^^ Jhj^j ^^'^^j>- J^'^\jk-J <- ^*^sj^ ^b 



■ S>^ o-lL *^Ujj ^^ ^j*-* ^^ j^' ^^ ^y> ^j>- ^ ^5yij J( jj l_--pL^I 
Lglftlj Ugj'l-i^ ^j*ij ■ ii ;"/^"^ ! ^ iijj-jdl ejdJI ^j t s_)-^ ^1 j^^ : ly^ ^1 j ( i ) 

: : ^^JJJ*ii i j»-MaaJl i% j,j«* ^ "S;^" 4JU«j a (Y i i-YfY) ^_y^ ^"^ ^j1>( 

. (YVA-YVY) iin\jj^\ jjiM «^jL; t |_y«j> jjI ^ «jli ^^ jupw ?i^) sJiJ : jiail 
icoiJI ^^1 ^_i^| ; ^U-1 hj Jjtl ^j ; jJU- J. Cr" jjr'r' J- "jr^ : ^ Jt" <V) 
SjULj j^ T'^-^tj " jr* cS^ f'^-*-^'j /"^^" "'^JJ • ■^'— *^ W* *jr* '■*^. W** ""^ j^ jj*^' 
jlJI^I ^l>- jTtju IfL-bj JU frlj^l jU t ;i>?-^' j*^ l/^' Oj^t 4;IJb «j> S.l*-jrf 

t ojU-L^ ^ j-^ ji UU fifl) iiJUJL* ^" : (VV) JL:kl «^ ^ ^L-JI JU (^) 
Jl jj' (.j-^Lidl y> i^fc^iJIj >►* r|^l J*' -*J^ ;^ j^ rUsr Jl '.ajkS <. iy^ jUL jJ\ 

• "»jr* i/^Jj^^ "^' f^>* iiifc^iJIj 4 l^Lf S^JLP JU ^1^ jr jj k_-jpLiJll j^ 

. ( W^) ^_y--p jjI : ^ »LJI oljLJ i^^l-ifl oIjLp t^J ^Ij . 
Oi— i*^j J— *-^ ^^^ t^-?" ■ '-'^ *— ^t*" ^ 4iJb_>tii 4jIjj (Y 1 ) /Y) j«ij ^^1 ijjjj : 

^b>: jij t sx^ oL ^j 4 ^j-ijJiiij (iLji.^1) ^-LJL-i^B-Jt i^l 4 ^Sj 45L0J 



- ^rn - 



J <«a_ij (^"^_^ , i^l dUL- ^j .<^>5x^ ^^^ ^^ifc JI 



.^wir^,^*«-.Y* = ^^o^ jUJi ^ (y) 
^yi ^U-iJI j] t^UJ^\ i^L J*l ^j t j^ljoJI j^ Oi^li^l y. : ^U-i jT (r) 

'■^ -V^ji (>J ^J ' «>r* jr-^ ^^:— i>* J-^ J^^>- -Upw ^ JU-Jij jA : jl^j ( i ) 

j^' J^^J ' «>r* -^ (j--^J ■^■**** oi -^J (►^'^J o*^ jrijj-^ap- jL*-i J 
^jOii 4--UJI OjU* ^ i AJI ^jjj*. Ij-^j SJU^ SU ^ ^jJOI [Ij^^va^] 
^ ^1 U . 4_^Lt_- ijj^ (VV) JL^ill i^ , ^\ — JI : UJja^\j . "^y^j 
^:6\ji. Ij^ U jJ^\j ^^J^\j ^ Jj h^^\ JJJi /i J x^ (Y i \ /Y) 
■ "W^ tj:iJ-'J' ("^^^J i3ly^t JU^wj JL-ij *^jwj eJO^ JU L-LjJI JaI I^^ 

. "Ik^" (^) J (^) J J c ( t ) J^Vl J IJIS:* (V) 
. ajS'j ^JL5; (^gJJI S^^ SjUL jS\ ja ; jL*ij (A) 
^ -U?«-« ^ij-iJI jS'i . 6j^ SjJL. Lgju oJ^ ^) l£j^\ (_5^| (_5JL^I : ApJLil (^) 
1^1 (YVf) ^y--p ^*il djjljJ-t ^jjiju jtijb idsUil 5j_^ jJL ^ ajJLj J »;U 
(^ V" (^ ^V^ i>* '"^^-J '^jr* 5l?i^™ iJUp-j . ^U- JJ.M l^j (ijj) Sjjj cJli" 



- 'irv- 






S^l J^ ^\ eU jU-^ jL- ^y : (-*> \ 00) ^l* ^il^ i/ (^ i ^ /^) 
( \ r t ) ^>-L^I JlSj . "UjJ-T^ ^.^1 ^^-r4^J ' jj-^t jU^l U^^-,dP-j 
U^,^a-:^j 3^1 J1 aU jL*4t jL- l^j" : t^j -* U (>U d^il^^ j*^ 

. "ilJUu j'-^a^J J>f^' jlvaal-l 

^|:Jfl :-U [,-^1 Jtdj . %'jij^\ ^ IS^Uail S^-^l i«^lgj: Ojij^\ ^^J <• V**^ 

^y Ja JLAJ ; (■- w < ^ ^«i 4 jii^ j^ jL*^ Lot . Sj-,aJI Jj^i ^' ' " jJ -^'ly 

. Al^Humaidati, p.163-164 : ^1 

jt jb > \ \ • f Lp Bj^-lJ^ ^ tij-^WI ^- ; 'kH fr jj^ 4JLJI J—* ^j- ^1 SLi jj . ol JJJI 

5^-Ui oiyj i-uc^' jIaI Oi* -* ^ ^ "^ ^ f ' — ^ ^y Oi^-M*;^-«— »ji i -* ^ M ^ 

^j^La^\j t (^1 /^) Ptp ^;;^l i*5^l eJLft, j^'i Jjj . !ib-j oj*^^. ^-^J J*' (>* 

c"( V* A) ^ilj^J-t ,yi— ^ ^>" ^ ef-^H^ oih t (Vl /O ^^ ^jj c (> * 1) 

.pWn^^:^--i \V = -*\MV^^^ \ (i) 

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.i^jC\)6^'^\J\S^ (i) 
^_ji j^_ j-^lj . (y) ^y ^j'm (i^j t ( U J^^t ^ 'j-AJ" aJL^" iy J : j-^ (V) 

. (_ft n %r) iLji oJLa j:>u i*j^i ^jla (a • ) jL-di ii*: t -l-jij t (_* \ \ %r) 



itWrl P^^ a:uJl ^ Jj /^^ JLiill ^ Xp Uy ^'^j^ l^ Ji jJl 

ill ■» « * 



<L>i 



jli" ;^JJ1 jl—* j^l 5_-^U-J C i«<_S^ jj^^LjW it-* (^(j (»U* j^lj ci—tjj ^^Ij 

^-ftjyi eJLft iji-^ Jaii- - [»-^jil Jl*1 jy j^j - *— ^^ Cj"^} J' J-^i C^ . (AMT 

. " JLiiJI j-^ jup tJUji JlaI ^j Ja 
j_^jLJl JlaI iLj 4 iJLjAiJt i**- «^1j 4jL^j u)^j j^ ^**^ (i*j" • ■*^-* 0^' J^ (^) 
• "iJVyj^ (H** J^-S (1i^) "jLiiJI jj-,<aS (. jj-^l j_^ l\y JiAtj t-U^ JlaI ^^^ 

uiUJb 8j-j^ l-L-Sji jj-r^j jl— *J-«< jjj **a1j^I j^I (J—ijIj ^j-^ sJL jj^^o-i ^ 
JU^u lLUJL *JLp UJLj 4 AmjiJ ^^^uJa;;) ^^J ^-~r^ (^^j*) ^i J-^J^ ^ ^ Jb>LJL^^ 

IwJLpiJ l^J^ J**' *J^1 I ^-mP /^ JUj*rf Jt-^WJ J^J - - . ; ^---;r^^ *J^ (>" J^J***i (JjI 

n>fj;l*^y JaI ^y> Jiij . Ij^^^ JL^aiU >»jhjjjU 4 J-^l;y'>>- ^j I^j-j-.*— 
. 4iJbiua J--^Ui* (A \ ) <31^^1 ^^ (y ft-«^b:^ ( ^ ^ / ^ ^ J— ^ 



- '^ i 



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jyJUl ^ ^j, i^^^^^j>- ^'^c^ t^'^>'il iUr ^^ ^ ^L- 



. "_* ^ ^ lA iL- jjV) ^i^u*- j^ cJ^ o^ii 4*^1 

(jiljj Oj-ju ^jv?i (JJLII 4 o\j^ (jilj ^ ^ SjJL; 4 t>K^jj>- ^rr-«wa; : fr'>Uj_p- (V) 
JLp^ ^y _ft W to ^Lp JI^H" ^-'^.^ oL-U JLij . vr-*-^' iS^^J J^ <^^j-^ 
j__^LjJ1 j^ s-l^^ -^-VJ • '^ ^J-iat (jly) *^ja1Ij rt gU j^ '-^jaJ^ L5-*'y 

.(Yn'\-YnA/Y 4rY^-r^v/^)i-UJl(»J«^: >;i 

. ^jUJI jljJL jfi Ujij^j i«-AJ)j 4-PjjJl Jjbl j^ A*»-%^)li SyijJI 

^1 jA L-J-l J . ^t ^U? JL-a-_s 4 ^j Ja-l—j J ji ^jjlc t ^U? : L-jL) ^U? ( o ) 
Juk:--* Jaj k»-JiS' jt J^ j^w- ^ sjlJI o^^I (_;,i^Vl JU jJOa; j^-l : OiM' ^"^) 

^}jJt Ci^jSi 4^ nJeS i^J}\ ^^^1 ^J^J ijij^ ijr^ ^ ^aJI^I 4dkil il^a.>- J-a--^) 

. (t_j) j^ "Oiia-Jl (J* U-1 rU? i-Jl dUb ^yj" SjLp cJai- Jl5j . *-i^l 
^1 iJL*S\j (JLmJI ^ /ti.fi^ ^JJli 4 "aLaa LJIp ^^^j" ^^^^ aj^aiil ^c<s^ *^ (V) 
i-Mt^^-J JUj Aiwi ^J i..^jJaa 4lwiJ f-Ul oU.^ j^ ^j - jUo^lj U^l I4J ^S 
= JaI cJL- UjLp i^jiJiJ . SjULJI ^ 4SL1: ^L* L»Ji jl Lalj j^ Lcj pUj jt - 



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^ t-^^j^J jt-^ (J^^ iJ^^^J (i-*^ J^^J l-U^ ^'j i>-^^ila Jj6! Jta l»iJl^J iL^JI 

^j ■ : iL«p /^1 JU . iusJI oJLft ^ JljX.^ ^jS\ <^..|fa 4-1 j >*j^ «— «1 : *— jjJa^ ( ^ ) 
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- wr 



^JjJl JLp I t5?^ ' J J^' ^'^ JU-?t^ ^ JU.^1 ?^**^l ?*dj^ 

- Al-Humaidan, Abdul-latif nasir. 

The Social and political history of the province of Baghdad 
and Basra from 1688 to 1749. Un published thesis. The 
victoria university of Manchester, 1975. 

- Al-Juhany, Uwaidah M. 

The History of Najd prior to the Wahhabis: A study of 
Social, political and Religions conditions in Najd during 
three centuries preceding the Wahhabi Reform Movement. 

Un published dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle, 
1983. 



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